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Physician Mental Health Help Now More Proactive with TN PSQ

By Michael Baron, MD, MPH, FASAM
Medical Director, Tennessee Medical Foundation - Physician Health Program

February, 2020


Physician mental health is a big issue these days, with burnout rates approaching 54 percent. There is a huge amount of stigma that limits a physician’s ability to get help, including the fear of licensure, career or practice issues, as well as the fear of being considered “less than” by their peers, colleagues, administrators, and employers.

In addition to overall mental health problems, suicide rates are increasing in both the general and physician populations. Physicians are twice as likely to die by suicide than non-physicians. We have been made aware of recent completed suicides at two medical schools in Tennessee, which sadly means there are probably more we don’t know about.

As the number of mental health referrals began to rise, the TMF began searching for helpful resources that would make an impact and encourage people to reach out for help sooner in the process, hopefully before there’s a need for intervention.

After a long search for the right resource, the TMF partnered with the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (AFSP) in 2019 to develop the Tennessee Professional Screening Questionnaire, or TN PSQ. As of February 3, this online mental health screening tool is available statewide. Thanks to SVMIC and other key stakeholders, including the Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners, Tennessee Medical Association, and the Tennessee Hospital Association, we are now able to offer this to all physicians licensed in Tennessee, as well as all trainees and medical students located in Tennessee.

The TN PSQ utilizes the AFSP’s Interactive Screening Program (ISP). This platform is being used by healthcare organizations across the country. For example, the University of California-San Diego incorporates the questionnaire into its HEAR (Healer Education Assessment and Referral) staff wellness program, with good results. We are hoping to see similar success here in Tennessee.

The goal is to connect Tennessee physicians, trainees, and medical students in distress with mental health services in an anonymous, confidential, free, and voluntary way – ideally before a call to the TMF is necessary. Data is encrypted to protect anonymity, and online engagement with a psychiatric professional is offered but optional. All utilization is driven by the user.

The hope is that this resource will be used widely across Tennessee. This tool is available to all the professions we are contracted to serve, including physicians (MDs and DOs), physician assistants, chiropractors, podiatrists, veterinarians, x-ray technologists, clinical perfusionists, and their respective trainees and students. There are over 16,000 physicians with a Tennessee license alone so if we reach even 10 percent, that is still a huge number. If it helps to save even one person’s life or career, it’s worthwhile.

Mental illness knows no boundaries of race, religion, or profession. Physicians are just as susceptible, if not more so, than the general population. They’re also innately paranoid about services provided by organized medicine or their employer, so this will hopefully be an outlet for them to receive free, confidential, anonymous, and a completely voluntary assessment of their mental health. They can take the self-screening and then go from there. It is their choice.

We are also sharing this new resource with additional organizations, including medical schools, medical societies, and specialty organizations. Each of these partners is spreading the word about this resource in its own way, which means physicians and other health professionals will learn about the TN PSQ from multiple sources, which is by design. In this case, duplication of effort is desired. We want everyone who is struggling to have a chance to get connected to available resources, one way or another. We don’t care how they get help, only that they do.

The Tennessee Medical Foundation has provided an excellent set of Frequently Asked Questions regarding the TN PSQ which are available here.

Access the TN PSQ.

About The Author

Dr. Michael Baron attained his Medical Degree, Masters in Public Health, and completed an internal medicine internship at Tulane University, School of Medicine. He completed his first residency in anesthesiology at Washington University School of Medicine, and his Psychiatry training at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.  He has maintained Board Certification in Anesthesiology, Psychiatry and Addiction Medicine. He has practiced in the Nashville area since 1998 in a variety of settings including private practice, teaching hospitals and residential treatment centers.  Dr. Baron was appointed to the Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners (BME) in 2010 and served as Chair of the Controlled Substance Monitoring Database committee.  He resigned from these positions in January 2017 to become the Medical Director of the Tennessee Medical Foundation – Physician Health Program. As well, he is the psychiatrist of record at the Davidson County Drug Court- DC4.

The contents of The Sentinel are intended for educational/informational purposes only and do not constitute legal advice. Policyholders are urged to consult with their personal attorney for legal advice, as specific legal requirements may vary from state to state and/or change over time.

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